Java Enum Example | Enumeration | String | Constructor and Methods

A Java Enum is a special data type, Where this data type has a group of predefined constants variables. A Variable has a predefined value (unchangeable variables, like final variables). For example A days in a week – Mon, Tus…etc. The direction in earth North, East, West, and South. That both are predefined equal value for variables.

It’s used when you want a represent a fixed set of constants. For example flags in the program or menu etc.

Java Enum Example Enumeration String Constructor and Methods

Java enums are added in Java 5 and its full form is java enumeration. This tutorial you will learn what is Java enum and how to create with the use of it.

Java Enum example

As a class enum just need to use “enum keyword” before the name Enum Class in Java.

There is some guidance for constant – It should be written as uppercase letters, So enum type’s fields also uppercase letters. Check the below enum class example.

To access enum constants use the dot syntax with it:

Complete code:

Output: FRIDAY

Enum string (toString)

It’s important some time needs to Java Enum String. You can do it with use toString() methods. Here is an example code.

Enum in a Switch Statement

To check for corresponding values, you can use Enumeration in a Switch Statement.

Output: Medium Speed

Loop Through an Enum

The Java enum methods – A values() method, which returns an array of all enum constants. This method is useful if you want to loop through the constants of an enum same as below example.

Output: LOW

Enum int & Java enum key value

You seen above Enum String now may you have a question is possible to convert Java Enum in int or creating Enum int?

Need to create a public final varible and private constructor same as below example. Where every content has a value (key-value pair) of it.

Output: 10

Unique Number Enum Ordinal

If you want a unique number that represents the enum value, you can use ordinal().

Output: 2

Java Enum Constructor

The constructor for an enum type must be private access (package-private). It will automatically create constant as defined at the beginning of the enum class body. But you can’t invoke an enum constructor yourself, check the below example.

Output: 100
All apple prices:
A costs 100
B costs 190
C costs 120

Enum Methods in Java

A some methods of enum  are values(), ordinal() and valueOf() methods. Here are a complete example and use of all methods.

Output: WHITE at index 0
BLACK at index 1
BLUE at index 2

Important Points to Remember for Java Enum

  • Enum can implement an interface but can’t extend a class, because it’s internally extending an Enum Class.
  • It can have fields (variables etc), constructor and methods.
  • An Enum can be traversed.
  • Improves type safety.
  • Easily used in control statement like a switch statement.

Question: What is the Difference between Enums and Classes?

Answer: A Java enum can just like a Java class but with some restriction like Enum can’t be overridden methods. It also has variables and method but all constant.

An enum is not used to create an object and can’t extend classes but can implement interfaces. An implement interface is same as do in classes.

Question: Why and where use Java Enums?

Answer: Use it where variables will not change like days of the week.

Note: This example (Project) is developed in IntelliJ IDEA 2018.2.6 (Community Edition)
JRE: 11.0.1
JVM: OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM by JetBrains s.r.o
macOS 10.14.1

Java version 11

All Java Enumeration Examples are in Java 11, so it may change on different from Java 9 or 10 or upgraded versions.

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