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if else if JavaScript | Basic code

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Use the if else if statement if you want to check 2 conditions in JavaScript. Use if to specify a block of code to be executed, if a specified condition is true.

And Use else if to specify a new condition to test, if the first condition is false

if (condition) {
	// statement
} else if(condition){
	// statement
  // statement

Here’s a breakdown of how these statements work:

  1. The if statement checks the condition specified in its parentheses. If the condition is true, the code block within the first set of curly braces is executed. If the condition is false, the code block is skipped.
  2. If you have additional conditions to check, you can use else if. Each else if statement allows you to check a new condition if the previous conditions were false. The code block within the curly braces of the first else if that evaluates to true will be executed.
  3. You can end the conditional structure with an else statement. If none of the previous conditions are evaluated to true, the code block within the else statement’s curly braces will be executed. It acts as a fallback option when none of the earlier conditions are met.

Example if else if JavaScript

A simple example code uses the else if statement to specify a new condition if the first condition is false.

<!DOCTYPE html>

    var greeting= "Hello"
    var time = 15;

    if (time < 10) {
      greeting = "Good morning";
    } else if (time < 20) {
      greeting = "Good day";
    } else {
      greeting = "Good evening";




if else if JavaScript

Multiple if...else statements can be nested to create an else if clause.

if (condition1)
else if (condition2)
else if (condition3)

Here’s an example that demonstrates the usage of if, else if, and else:

let num = 42;

if (num < 0) {
  console.log("The number is negative.");
} else if (num === 0) {
  console.log("The number is zero.");
} else {
  console.log("The number is positive.");

Do comment if you have any doubts or suggestions on this JS if else topics.

Note: The All JS Examples codes are tested on the Firefox browser and the Chrome browser.

OS: Windows 10

Code: HTML 5 Version

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