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JavaScript class getter

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In JavaScript, a class getter is a special type of method within a class that allows you to define the retrieval behavior for a specific property. Getters are used to access the value of a property in an object in a controlled and encapsulated manner.

A class getter is defined using the get keyword followed by the name of the getter method. When the getter method is accessed like a property, the code within the getter is executed, and its return value is returned.

In JavaScript, the syntax for defining a getter in a class is as follows:

class ClassName {
  get propertyName() {
    // Getter logic
    return value;
  1. Start by declaring the class using the class keyword, followed by the class name (ClassName in the example).
  2. Define the getter method using the get keyword, followed by the name of the property you want to access (propertyName in the example). The naming convention for getters is usually to use the same name as the property they retrieve.
  3. Within the getter method block, you can include the logic to calculate or retrieve the value of the property. This could involve any necessary computations, accessing other class properties, or performing any other actions required to get the desired value.
  4. Finally, the getter should return the value that you want to be accessed when the property is accessed.

Here’s a concrete example that demonstrates the syntax:

class Circle {
  constructor(radius) {
    this._radius = radius;

  get area() {
    return Math.PI * Math.pow(this._radius, 2);

const circle = new Circle(5);
console.log(circle.area); // Output: 78.53981633974483

In the Circle class, the getter method area calculates and returns the area of the circle based on its radius.

JavaScript class getter example

Simple example code.

class Person {
  constructor(firstName, lastName) {
    this._firstName = firstName;
    this._lastName = lastName;

  get fullName() {
    return this._firstName + ' ' + this._lastName;

const person = new Person('John', 'Doe');
console.log(person.fullName); // Output: "John Doe"

In this example, we have a Person class with a constructor that takes in a firstName and lastName. The class has a getter method called fullName that concatenates the first name and last name, returning the full name of the person.

When we create an instance of the Person class (person), we can access the fullName property using dot notation (person.fullName). This automatically invokes the getter method, which combines the first and last names and returns the full name.

Note: the fullName getter does not require parentheses when accessed, as it behaves like a property rather than a method.

Let’s consider a practical example of a JavaScript class with a getter.

class ShoppingCart {
  constructor() {
    this._items = [];

  addItem(item) {

  get itemCount() {
    return this._items.length;

  get totalPrice() {
    return this._items.reduce((total, item) => total + item.price, 0);

class Item {
  constructor(name, price) { = name;
    this.price = price;

const cart = new ShoppingCart();
cart.addItem(new Item('Shirt', 20));
cart.addItem(new Item('Pants', 30));
cart.addItem(new Item('Shoes', 50));



JavaScript class getter

In the example above, we have a ShoppingCart class that keeps track of items added to the cart. The class has an array _items to store the items. The addItem method allows adding items to the cart.

The class also has two getter methods: itemCount and totalPrice. The itemCount getter returns the number of items in the cart by accessing the length of the _items array. The totalPrice getter calculates the total price of all items in the cart using the reduce method.

We create an instance of the ShoppingCart class called cart and add three Item instances to it. We can then access the itemCount and totalPrice properties using the dot notation. The getter methods are automatically invoked, returning the calculated values.

In this practical example, the getters allow us to easily retrieve information about the items in the shopping cart, such as the total number of items and the total price.

Comment if you have any doubts or suggestions on this Js class topic.

Note: The All JS Examples codes are tested on the Firefox browser and the Chrome browser.

OS: Windows 10

Code: HTML 5 Version

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