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JavaScript try-finally without catch

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In JavaScript, you can use a try-finally block without a catch block. The try block contains the code used to execute and the finally block contains the code you want to execute regardless of whether an exception is thrown.

try {
  // Code to try
} finally {
  // Code to always execute

If an exception is thrown in the try block, the finally block will still be executed.

This can be useful for cleaning up resources, such as closing files or database connections, regardless of whether an exception was thrown or not.

JavaScript try-finally without catch example

Simple example code handles a division by zero error in JavaScript:

<!DOCTYPE html>
        function divide(a, b) {
        let result = null;
        try {
            result = a / b; // Divide a by b
            return result;
        } catch (error) {
            console.log("Error: " + error.message);
            return null;
        } finally {
            console.log("Division attempted");
    console.log(divide(10, 0));
    console.log(divide(10, 5)); 

    <!-- Your HTML code here -->


JavaScript try-finally without catch

In the first call to divide, the division by zero results in a TypeError exception being thrown. The catch block catches the exception, logs an error message to the console, and returns null. The finally block still executes and logs a message indicating that the division was attempted.

More examples

function openFileAndReadContent(filename) {
  let file = null;
  try {
    file = openFile(filename); // Open the file
    const content = readFile(file); // Read the file
    return content; // Return the file content
  } finally {
    if (file !== null) {
      closeFile(file); // Close the file if it was opened
function connectToDatabase() {
  let connection = null;
  try {
    connection = createConnection(); // Create a database connection
    // Execute some database queries
    console.log("Connected to database!");
  } finally {
    if (connection !== null) {
      closeConnection(connection); // Close the database connection if it was created
function fetchDataFromApi(apiUrl) {
  let response = null;
  try {
    response = makeApiRequest(apiUrl); // Make an API request
    const data = extractDataFromResponse(response); // Extract the data from the response
    return data; // Return the data
  } finally {
    if (response !== null) {
      closeApiResponse(response); // Close the API response if it was received

Comment if you have any doubts or suggestions on this JS exception handling the topic.

Note: The All JS Examples codes are tested on the Firefox browser and the Chrome browser.

OS: Windows 10

Code: HTML 5 Version

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