open() function with “x” or “w” mode to create a new text file in Python. Use file name with txt extensions for a text file.
Create a text file with the command function “x”.
f = open("myfile.txt", "x")
“x” – Create: this command will create a new file if and only if there is no file already in existence with that name or else it will return an error.
f = open("myfile.txt", "w")
“w” – Write: this command will create a new text file whether or not there is a file in the memory with the new specified name. It does not return an error if it finds an existing file with the same name – instead, it will overwrite the existing file.
The + is telling the Python interpreter to open the text file with read and write permissions.
Python creates a text file example
A simple example code creates a new empty text file using the built-in function
fp = open('sales.txt', 'x')
fp = open('sales_2.txt', 'w')
Create a File In A Specific Directory
To create a file inside a specific directory, we need to open a file using the absolute path. An absolute path contains the entire path to the file or directory that we need to use.
with open(r'E:\rohit\reports\profit.txt', 'w') as fp: fp.write('This is first line') pass
Create a File with a DateTime
from datetime import datetime # get current date and time x = datetime.now() # create a file with date as a name day-month-year file_name = x.strftime('%d-%m-%Y.txt') with open(file_name, 'w') as fp: print('created', file_name) # with name as day-month-year-hours-minutes-seconds file_name_2 = x.strftime('%d-%m-%Y-%H-%M-%S.txt') with open(file_name_2, 'w') as fp: print('created', file_name_2) # at specified directory file_name_3 = r"E:\demos\files_demos\account\\" + x.strftime('%d-%m-%Y-%H-%M-%S.txt') with open(file_name_3, 'w') as fp: print('created', file_name_3)
Do comment if you have any doubts or suggestions on this Python file topic.
Note: IDE: PyCharm 2021.3.3 (Community Edition)
All Python Examples are in Python 3, so Maybe its different from python 2 or upgraded versions.