Python sort dictionary by Value/Key | Ascending & Descending order examples

You can sort a dictionary in python by using the sorted() function. it is actually possible to do a “sort by dictionary values”.

You could use:

sorted(d.items(), key=lambda x: x)

This will sort the dictionary by the values of each entry within the dictionary from smallest to largest.

Python sort dictionary by value Example

Python 3.6+

1. sort dictionary by value Ascending

d = {'one': 1, 'three': 3, 'five': 5, 'two': 2, 'four': 4}
a = sorted(d.items(), key=lambda x: x)
print(a)

Output:

[(‘one’, 1), (‘two’, 2), (‘three’, 3), (‘four’, 4), (‘five’, 5)]

2. Sort dictionary by value descending

Just use reverse=True in the sorted() function.

d = {'one': 1, 'three': 3, 'five': 5, 'two': 2, 'four': 4}
a = sorted(d.items(), key=lambda x: x, reverse=True)
print(a)

Output:

[(‘five’, 5), (‘four’, 4), (‘three’, 3), (‘two’, 2), (‘one’, 1)]

Older Python

import operator

import operator

x = {'one': 1, 'three': 3, 'five': 5, 'two': 2, 'four': 4}
sorted_x = sorted(x.items(), key=operator.itemgetter(1))
print(sorted_x)

sorted_x will be a list of tuples sorted by the second element in each tuple. dict(sorted_x) == x.

And for those sort dictionary by key python instead of values:

import operator

x = {'one': 1, 'three': 3, 'five': 5, 'two': 2, 'four': 4}
sorted_x = sorted(x.items(), key=operator.itemgetter(0))
print(sorted_x)

Output:

[(‘five’, 5), (‘four’, 4), (‘one’, 1), (‘three’, 3), (‘two’, 2)]

How to sort a dictionary by key python 3

Standard Python dictionaries are unordered. Even if you sorted the (key,value) pairs, you wouldn’t be able to store them in a dict in a way that would preserve the ordering.

The easiest way is to use OrderedDict, which remembers the order in which the elements have been inserted:

import collections

d = {2: 3, 1: 89, 4: 5, 3: 0}

od = collections.OrderedDict(sorted(d.items()))

print(od)

Output:

OrderedDict([(1, 89), (2, 3), (3, 0), (4, 5)])

Python 3

For Python 3 users, one needs to use the .items() instead of .iteritems():

import collections

d = {2: 3, 1: 89, 4: 5, 3: 0}
od = collections.OrderedDict(sorted(d.items()))
for k, v in od.items():
print(k, v)

Output:

1 89
2 3
3 0
4 5

Python sort dictionary by value than key

The key=lambda x: (x,x) tells sorted that for each item x in y.items(), use (x,x) as the proxy value to be sorted. Since x is of the form (key,value)(x,x) yields (value,key). This causes sorted to sort by value first, then by key for tie-breakers.

reverse=True tells sorted to present the result in descending, rather than ascending order.

y = {100: 1, 90: 4, 99: 3, 92: 1, 101: 1}
n = sorted(y.items(), key=lambda x: (x, x), reverse=True)

print(n)

Output: [(90, 4), (99, 3), (101, 1), (100, 1), (92, 1)]

Do comment if you have any doubts and suggestions on this tutorial.

Note:
IDE: PyCharm 2020.1.1 (Community Edition)
macOS 10.15.4
Python 3.7
All Python Examples are in Python 3, so Maybe its different from python 2 or upgraded versions.

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