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JavaScript instanceof Class Checking | Code

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The use instanceof operator allows checking whether an object belongs to a specific class in JavaScript. It also helps to take inheritance into account. This return true in case the object belongs to the Class or the class inherits from it.

obj instanceof Class

JavaScript instanceof Class

A simple example code returns true if obj belongs to the Class or a class inheriting from it.

<!DOCTYPE html>
    class Rabbit {}

    let rabbit = new Rabbit();
    res = rabbit instanceof Rabbit;

    console.log("Object of Rabbit class",res)


JavaScript instanceof Class Checking

Works with constructor functions:

function Rabbit() {}

console.log(new Rabbit() instanceof Rabbit);// true

Check with Arrays

let arr = [1, 2, 3];
console.log(arr instanceof Array); // true
console.log(arr instanceof Object); // true

Both outputs are true because array belongs to the Object class. The reason is that an Array prototypically inherits from Object.

The instanceof operator is useful when you want to determine the type of an object, especially when working with classes and constructor functions. It checks not only the object’s own constructor but also its prototype chain, so it can be used to check inheritance as well.

Comment if you have any doubts or suggestions on this JS instanceof topic.

Note: The All JS Examples codes are tested on the Firefox browser and the Chrome browser.

OS: Windows 10

Code: HTML 5 Version

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